Quick academic help

Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives.

Calculate the price

Pages:

275 Words

$19,50

Department of History and Philosophy of Science

According to the American Sociological Association (ASA) sociology is the study of social life, social change, and social causes and consequences of human behaviour....

This branch of philosophy is handily called the philosophy of science.

In any case, it progressed over the years, with famous philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle and Plato beginning one of the most consequential periods of philosophy and forming the basis of its future.

Philosophers of science actively study such questions as:

History and Philosophy of Science courses for students in their second, third and fourth year

By way of organizing the countless questions posed and answers sought, broad conceptions of "science," "reason," "philosophy," and "religion" have been created and debated by humankind for centuries....

Some scholars think that this was just a lucky empirical guess, but if it was the discovery of an astronomical regularity or natural law, then Thales may be credited with distinguishing Greek philosophy and science from the somewhat aimless observations a...

Free philosophy of science Essays and Papers - …

Join us to study for an MPhil or PhD in History and Philosophy of Science

Natural philosophers, such as Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, RobertHooke, and Robert Boyle, sometimes appealed to supernatural agents intheir natural philosophy (which we now call “science”).Still, overall there was a tendency to favor naturalistic explanationsin natural philosophy. This preference for naturalistic causes mayhave been encouraged by past successes of naturalistic explanations,leading authors such as Paul Draper (2005) to argue that the successof methodological naturalism could be evidence for ontologicalnaturalism. Explicit methodological naturalism arose in thenineteenth century with the X-club, a lobby group for theprofessionalization of science founded in 1864 by Thomas Huxley andfriends, which aimed to promote a science that would be free fromreligious dogmas. The X-club may have been in part motivated by thedesire to remove competition by amateur-clergymen scientists in thefield of science, and thus to open up the field to full-timeprofessionals (Garwood 2008).

Because “science” and “religion” defydefinition, discussing the relationship between science (in general)and religion (in general) may be meaningless. For example, Kelly Clark(2014) argues that we can only sensibly inquire into the relationshipbetween a widely accepted claim of science (such as quantum mechanicsor findings in neuroscience) and a specific claim of a particularreligion (such as Islamic understandings of divine providence orBuddhist views of the no-self).

Paul Feyerabend (1924-1994) — A rebel within the philosophy of science.
Order now
  • UNMATCHED QUALITY

    As soon as we have completed your work, it will be proofread and given a thorough scan for plagiarism.

  • STRICT PRIVACY

    Our clients' personal information is kept confidential, so rest assured that no one will find out about our cooperation.

  • COMPLETE ORIGINALITY

    We write everything from scratch. You'll be sure to receive a plagiarism-free paper every time you place an order.

  • ON-TIME DELIVERY

    We will complete your paper on time, giving you total peace of mind with every assignment you entrust us with.

  • FREE CORRECTIONS

    Want something changed in your paper? Request as many revisions as you want until you're completely satisfied with the outcome.

  • 24/7 SUPPORT

    We're always here to help you solve any possible issue. Feel free to give us a call or write a message in chat.

Order now

Free philosophy of science papers, essays, and research papers.

Views on divine action were influenced by developments in physics andtheir philosophical interpretation. In the seventeenth century,natural philosophers, such as Robert Boyle and John Wilkins, developeda mechanistic view of the world as governed by orderly and lawlikeprocesses. Laws, understood as immutable and stable, createddifficulties for the concept of special divine action (Pannenberg2002). How could God act in a world that was determined by laws?

Philosophy of Science Essay Suggestions

Christian authors have traditionally used the Bible as a source ofhistorical information. Biblical exegesis of the creation narratives,especially Genesis 1 and 2 (and some other scattered passages, such asin the Book of Job), remains fraught with difficulties. Are thesetexts to be interpreted in a historical, metaphorical, or poeticfashion, and what are we to make of the fact that the order ofcreation differs between these accounts (Harris 2013)? The Anglicanarchbishop James Ussher (1581–1656) used the Bible to date thebeginning of creation at 4004 BCE. Although such literalistinterpretations of the Biblical creation narratives were not uncommon,and are still used by Young Earth creationists today, theologiansbefore Ussher already offered alternative, non-literalistreadings of the biblical materials (e.g., Augustine 416 [2002]). Fromthe seventeenth century onward, the Christian doctrine of creationcame under pressure from geology, with findings suggesting that theEarth was significantly older than 4004 BCE. From the eighteenthcentury on, natural philosophers, such as de Maillet, Lamarck,Chambers, and Darwin, proposed transmutationist (what would now becalled evolutionary) theories, which seem incompatible with scripturalinterpretations of the special creation of species. Following thepublication of Darwin’s Origin of Species (1859), therehas been an ongoing discussion on how to reinterpret the doctrine ofcreation in the light of evolutionary theory (e.g., Bowler 2009).

Philosophy of Science - Friesian School

In the seventeenth century, the explanation of the workings of naturein terms of elegant physical laws suggested the ingenuity of a divinedesigner. The design argument reached its peak not with WilliamPaley’s Natural Theology (1802/2006), which was a late voicein the debate on the design argument, but during the seventeenth andearly eighteenth century (McGrath 2011). For example, Samuel Clarke(cited in Schliesser 2012: 451) proposed an a posterioriargument from design by appealing to Newtonian science, callingattention to the “exquisite regularity of all the planets’motions without epicycles, stations, retrogradations, or any otherdeviation or confusion whatsoever”.

Philosophy Essays: Philosophy of Science: Evolution and Creation

Before scientists developed their views on cosmology and origins ofthe world, Western cultures already had an elaborate doctrine ofcreation, based on Biblical texts (e.g., the first three chapters ofGenesis and the book of Revelation) and the writings of church fatherssuch as Augustine. This doctrine of creation has the followinginterrelated features: first, God created the world exnihilo, i.e., out of nothing. Differently put, God did not needany pre-existing materials to make the world, unlike, e.g., theDemiurge (from Greek philosophy), who created the world from chaotic,pre-existing matter. Second, God is distinct from the world; the worldis not equal to or part of God (contra pantheism or panentheism) or a(necessary) emanation of God’s being (contra neoplatonism).Rather, God created the world freely. This introduces a radicalasymmetry between creator and creature: the world is radicallycontingent upon God’s creative act and is also sustained by God,whereas God does not need creation (Jaeger 2012b: 3). Third, thedoctrine of creation holds that creation is essentially good (this isrepeatedly affirmed in Genesis 1). The world does contain evil, butGod does not directly cause this evil to exist. Moreover, God does notmerely passively sustain creation, but rather plays an active role init, using special divine actions (e.g., miracles and revelations) tocare for creatures. Fourth, God made provisions for the end of theworld, and will create a new heaven and earth, in this way eradicatingevil.

Order now
  • You submit your order instructions

  • We assign an appropriate expert

  • The expert takes care of your task

  • We send it to you upon completion

Order now
  • 37 684

    Delivered orders

  • 763

    Professional writers

  • 311

    Writers online

  • 4.8/5

    Average quality score

Order now
  • Kim

    "I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."

  • Paul

    "Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."

  • Ellen

    "Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."

  • Joyce

    "Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."

  • Albert

    "Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."

  • Mary

    "Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."

Ready to tackle your homework?

Place an order